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Q. What is the name of the phenomena in physics and astronomy which involves the splitting of a spectral line into two or more components of slightly different frequency when the light source is placed in a magnetic field?
1. Raman Effect
2. Lumen Effect
3. Alpenglow Effect
4. Zeeman Effect

Its (4) Zeeman Effect - it is the effect of splitting of a spectral line into several components in the presence of a static magnetic field.